How to Identify Your Target Audience

Morgan Timm

| Feb 02, 2019

One of the most valuable things you can do for your business is to identify exactly who your target audience is. A lot of entrepreneurs think they know who they’re selling to when really they’re only scraping the surface of who is in their audience.

Before we get started, I wanted to talk about the mistakes entrepreneurs make when they’re targeting people for their products.

Mistake #1: Thinking their audience is exactly like them.

Chances are, you and your audience will have things in common, in fact, you might have a lot in common. The thing is, you’re probably a few steps ahead of your audience in whatever niche you’re selling to. 

Rather than assuming your audience is exactly like the person you are today, it’s better to think that they’re similar to who you were before you knew what you knew about your niche now. 

Mistake #2: Not getting nitty-gritty enough.

Ask most new entrepreneurs who their audience is, and they’ll probably give you something vague. They might say, “Moms!” or “Artists!” or “Coders!” and that might be accurate, but it’s nowhere near detailed enough. 

For example, if you say your target audience is moms, define what kind of mom you’re targeting. The empty nester seeking comfort in her children’s absence? The new mom who can’t get baby to sleep through the night? The stay-at-home mom who wants to plan educational activities for her elementary school aged kids

Yes, your audience is moms, but not all moms are in the same season of motherhood or struggling with the same things. Get nitty gritty. 

Mistake #3: Not thinking about their audience.

Believe it or not, a lot of entrepreneurs go into business knowing they want people to buy, but they never think twice about what kind of people they want to buy. 

If you’re marketing your course to anyone who will listen, you’re shouting into the void. If you don’t know who your audience is, you can’t effectively market your product

How to figure out who your audience is

Taking the time to define your target audience and understand the people interacting with your business is one of the smartest things you can do. Luckily, the process is fairly simple.

Step 1: Who do you want to help? 

I’m sure you have a vague idea of who you’re best suited to help. If not, ask yourself a few of these questions:  

  • What group do you understand better than anyone else? 
  • What do you care most deeply about? 
  • Is there a specific community that could truly benefit from your knowledge? A group that you’re part of that you deeply understand?  

For example, you might be teaching a gardening course. Your gut might say, “My online course is for gardeners” But, think again. 

There will be people who are very advanced gardeners who won’t benefit from your course because it’ll be too basic for them, or others who are such beginners that your course won’t help them, either. They need more hand-holding than your online course offers.

Instead, your course might be geared toward hobby gardeners who are looking to expand their gardening prowess and grow and can enough vegetables to last the winter.

Step 2: Research 

Researching is the fun part. First, Google your course topic and related words and phrases. 

Take a look at the results.  

  • What sites are popping up? 
  • What are the similarities that you’re seeing? 
  • Is there a particular group of people interested in your topic?   
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Check Quora and see what questions people are asking about your topic and dig into their profiles. What other things are they interested in, and where else do they spend their time? See how deeply you can dig and try to make predictions about who these people are.  

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You might find in your research that the demographics most interested in growing their own produce are thrifty 30-somethings trying to go green, minimize their spending, and make a positive environmental impact. 

With that in mind, you can better understand what kind of marketing is going to resonate with the people most likely to buy your course. 

Step 3: Find similarities  

  1. Is your audience mostly located in a specific country? 
  2. What language does your audience speak? 
  3. Are they mostly male, female, or evenly represented? 
  4. What's the level of education? 
  5. What age range are most of them? 
  6. Are there any other identifying characteristic or similarities in the group?  

You’ve got your perfect course all mapped out and you’re ready to grow your audience so you can have a massive launch. Good for you! 

Luckily, we’ve perfected our audience growing tactics and have created a fool-proof strategy for attracting your audience and adding them to your email list.

Now that you know who your audience is, you can create super-targeted marketing that will better resonate with them. The thing is, people are more likely to purchase if they feel like the product they’re buying was made to solve their very specific problem. 

So if you went through these exercises and realized that your target audience is single moms to teenagers and work full-time, your marketing is going to be very different than it would be if you were selling to moms with 3 under 3. Knowing who your audience is helps you better speak their language. 


Now that you know who your audience is, start building your list.

You know who is in your target audience, now get them to sign up for your email list with our List Building 101 Guide.

Any questions? Let me know in the comments!

Morgan Timm is a content marketer at Teachable with a background in blogging and social media. She runs Mostly Morgan, a life and style blog that reaches an audience of 40,000 people monthly.